Appendix

Pollen protein for wild life

Many other animals such as lorikeets, honey-eaters, flying foxes and nectar-eating bats are fully dependent on pollen as a protein source. Each of these animals will have their own essential amino-acid requirements and each species will need to obtain their requirements from the pollen.

A small sample of eight floral sources and all the amino-acids tested indicated that proline and glutamic acid are major amino-acids of eucalypt pollen.

The following tables sets out the maximum, minimum and mean for all amino- acids tested in these eight pollen floral sources.

Table I
Common Name
Botanical Name
Max Min Mean
Essential amino-acids for honey bees      
Threonine 3.7 3.4 3.51
Valine 4.8 4.6 4.70
Methionine 1.9 1.6 1.76
Leucine 6.3 6.0 6.25
Iso-leucine 4.0 3.7 3.83
Phenylalanine 3.8 3.6 3.75
Lysine 6.2 5.6 5.90
Histidine 2.4 2.0 2.13
Arginine 6.2 5.3 5.90
Tryptophan 2.7 2.6 2.65
Non-essential amino acids      
Aspartic acid 9.5 7.7 8.62
Serine 4.7 3.9 4.43
Glutamic acid 11.6 9.0 10.36
Proline 13.1 7.9 11.69
Glycine 5.0 3.4 4.23
Alanine 6.7 4.1 5.0
Cystine 1.0 0.7 0.84
Crude protein 31.5 17.2 22.7

 
 
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